The economisation of social policy and the rise of a crisis-prone culture
Department of Social Research, University of Turku, Finland
Data nadesłania: 19-06-2023
Data ostatniej rewizji: 31-01-2024
Data akceptacji: 12-02-2024
Data publikacji online: 09-04-2024
Data publikacji: 09-04-2024
Autor do korespondencji
Johannes Kananen   

Department of Social Research, University of Turku, Assistentinkatu 7, 20014, Turku, Finland
Problemy Polityki Społecznej 2024;65(2):1-20
The economisation of social policy has implied the emergence of neoclassical economics as a contestant for the foundation of social policy in theory and practice. A crucial phase in this process is the emergence of the international competition state paradigm, which urges governments to cut taxes, reduce generosity and tighten eligibility criteria of social security benefits. The adoption of the competition state paradigm has reversed social policy in advanced welfare states, which used to balance the injustices of capitalism through an expansion of social citizenship rights. In Nordic welfare states, such as Denmark and Finland the advance of the competition state paradigm has resulted in a clash with the constitution, which seeks to guarantee a minimum standard of living for all citizens. The economisation and subsequent reversal of the purpose of social policy has been followed by increasing social inequality and a more general development characterised by a series of crises in the areas of economy, health, politics, environment, security and global mobility. A seed of this development is endogenous, or internal in other words and lies in the representation of the human being associated with neoclassical economics and the competition state paradigm, according to which the pleasure seeking human being is a potential free-rider and lazy idler in need of subordination and control. The article distinguishes between exogenous (or external) and endogenous (or internal) aspects of welfare state change and highlights our role as citizens and academics in both creating and resolving challenges related to societal development.
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