PL EN
PRACA ORYGINALNA
Between Fun and Obligation. The Motivations of Volunteers in Poland
 
Więcej
Ukryj
1
Labour and Social Policy, Poznan University of Economics and Business, Polska
AUTOR DO KORESPONDENCJI
Dominik Buttler   

Labour and Social Policy, Poznan University of Economics and Business, Niepodleglosci 10, 61-875, Poznan, Polska
Data nadesłania: 16-04-2021
Data ostatniej rewizji: 20-07-2021
Data akceptacji: 07-09-2021
Data publikacji: 30-09-2021
 
Problemy Polityki Społecznej 2021;53:7–25
 
SŁOWA KLUCZOWE
DZIEDZINY
STRESZCZENIE
The aim of this paper is to facilitate understanding of the motivations of volunteers working in Poland . In the theoretical framework of the analysis we have applied the so-called functional approach, which recognizes six types of volunteer motivations: social, protective, enhancement, career, understanding and value-expressive. The thematic analysis of in-depth interviews with 26 volunteers addressed three objectives. First, we investigated how motivations of volunteers in Poland corresponded to the functional typology, then sought to identify distinct aspects of particular functions, and finally, tried to find new types of volunteer motivations. In the analysed interviews we found references to all six types of volunteering motives. We also identified new types of motivation (social integration and utilitarian) as well as aspects of the existing functions, which had not been recognized in the original theoretical framework.
 
REFERENCJE (27)
1.
Ajzen, I. (2011). The theory of planned behaviour: Reactions and reflections. Psychology & Health, 26(9), 1113–1127. https://doi.org/10.1080/088704....
 
2.
Arieli, S., Grant, A. M., & Sagiv, L. (2014). Convincing Yourself to Care About Others: An Intervention for Enhancing Benevolence Values. Journal of Personality, 82(1), 15–24. https://doi.org/10.1111/jopy.1....
 
3.
Braun, V., & Clarke, V. (2006). Using thematic analysis in psychology. Qualitative Research in Psychology, 3(2), 77–101. https://doi.org/10.1191/147808....
 
4.
Brayley, N., Obst, P. L., White, K. M., Lewis, I. M., Warburton, J., & Spencer, N. M. (2015). Examining the predictive value of combining the theory of planned behaviour and the volunteer functions inventory. Australian Journal of Psychology, 67(3), 149–156. https://doi.org/10.1111/ajpy.1....
 
5.
Buttler, D., (2018). Motywacje Wolontariuszy w Polsce. Polityka Społeczna, 527(2), 29–36.
 
6.
Carpenter, C., Boster, F., & Andrews, K. (2013). Funtional Attitude Theory. In J. P. Dillard & L. Shen (Eds.), The Sage Handbook of Persuasion (154–175). 2nd ed. Sage Publications Ltd.
 
7.
Chacón, F., Gutiérrez, G., Sauto, V., Vecina, M. L., & Pérez, A. (2017). Volunteer Functions Inventory: A systematic review. Psicothema, 29(3), 306–316. https://doi.org/10.7334/psicot....
 
8.
Clary, E. G., Snyder, M., Ridge, R. D., Copeland, J., Stukas, A. A., Haugen, J., & Miene, P. (1998). Understanding and assessing the motivations of volunteers: A functional approach. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 74(6), 1516–1530.
 
9.
Clary, E. Gil, & Snyder, M. (1991). A functional analysis of altruism and prosocial behavior: The case of volunteerism. In Prosocial behavior (119–148). Sage Publications, Inc.
 
10.
Clary, E. Gil, Snyder, M., & Ridge, R. (1992). Volunteers’ motivations: A functional strategy for the recruitment, placement, and retention of volunteers. Nonprofit Management and Leadership, 2(4), 333–350. https://doi.org/10.1002/nml.41....
 
11.
Clary, E. Gil, Snyder, M., & Stukas, A. A. (1996). Volunteers’ Motivations: Findings from a National Survey. Nonprofit and Voluntary Sector Quarterly, 25(4), 485–505. https://doi.org/10.1177/089976....
 
12.
Csikzentmihaly, M. (1990). Flow: The psychology of optimal experience (Vol. 1990). Harper & Row New York.
 
13.
Esmond, J. & Dunlop, P. (2004). Developing the Volunteer Motivation Inventory to Assess the Underlying Motivation Drives of Volunteers in Western Australia. Lotterywest Social Research Grant.
 
14.
Finkelstein, M. A., & Penner, L. A. (2004). Predicting Organizational Citizenship Behavior: Integrating The Functional and Role Identity Approaches. Social Behavior and Personality: An International Journal, 32(4), 383–398. https://doi.org/10.2224/sbp.20....
 
15.
Hitlin, S. & Piliavin, J. A. (2004). Values: Reviving a Dormant Concept. Annual Review of Sociology, 30(1), 359–393. https://doi.org/10.1146/annure....
 
16.
Hochstetler, J. (2013). Revising the Volunteer Functions Inventory: An Exploratory Study of Additional Functions. Northcentral University.
 
17.
Hyde, M. K. & Knowles, S. R. (2013). What predicts Australian university students’ intentions to volunteer their time for community service? Australian Journal of Psychology, 65(3), 135–145. https://doi.org/10.1111/ajpy.1....
 
18.
Katz, D. (1960). The Functional Approach to the Study of Attitudes. Public Opinion Quarterly, 24(2), 163–204. https://doi.org/10.1086/266945.
 
19.
Law, B. M., Shek, D. T., & Ma, C. M. (2011). Exploration of the factorial structure of the revised personal functions of the volunteerism scale for Chinese adolescents. Social Indicators Research, 100(3), 517–537.
 
20.
Omoto, A. & Snyder, M. (1995). Sustained helping without obligation: Motivation, longevity of service, and perceived attitude change among AIDS volunteers. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 68(4), 671–686.
 
21.
Penner, L. A., & Finkelstein, M. A. (1998). Dispositional and structural determinants of volunteerism. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 74(2), 525–537. https://doi.org/10.1037/0022-3....
 
22.
Penner, L., & Orom, H. (2010). Enduring Goodness: A Person-by-Situation Perspective on Prosocial Behavior. In M. Mikulincer & P. Shaver (Eds.), Prosocial motives, emotions, and behavior: The better angels of our nature. (55–72). American Psychological Association.
 
23.
Philippe, F. L., Vallerand, R. J., & Lavigne, G. L. (2009). Passion Does Make a Difference in People’s Lives: A Look at Well-Being in Passionate and Non-Passionate Individuals. Applied Psychology: Health and Well-Being, 1(1), 3–22. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1758....
 
24.
Rioux, S. M. & Penner, L. A. (2001). The causes of organizational citizenship behavior: A motivational analysis. Journal of Applied Psychology, 86(6), 1306–1314. https://doi.org/10.1037/0021-9....
 
25.
Schellenberg, B. J. I., Verner‐Filion, J., Gaudreau, P., Bailis, D. S., Lafrenière, M.-A. K., & Vallerand, R. J. (2019). Testing the dualistic model of passion using a novel quadripartite approach: A look at physical and psychological well-being. Journal of Personality, 87(2), 163–180. https://doi.org/10.1111/jopy.1....
 
26.
Schwartz, S. H. (1992). Universals in the Content and Structure of Values: Theoretical Advances and Empirical Tests in 20 Countries. In M. P. Zanna (Ed.), Advances in Experimental Social Psychology. (Vol, 25, pp. 1–65). Academic Press. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0065-....
 
27.
Smith, M. B., Bruner, J. S., & White, R. W. (1956). Opinions and personality. John Wiley & Sons.
 
ISSN:1640-1808