Multinational Corporations, Education and United Nations Development Goals: A Literature Review
Political and Administrative Studies, Kampala International University, Uganda
Department of International Relations and Diplomacy, Baze University, Abuja, Nigeria
Ismail Bello   

Political and Administrative Studies, Kampala International University, Gbagba Road, 10102, Kampala, Uganda
Data nadesłania: 22-03-2022
Data ostatniej rewizji: 21-10-2022
Data akceptacji: 24-10-2022
Data publikacji online: 20-12-2022
Data publikacji: 10-01-2023
Problemy Polityki Społecznej 2022;58(3):239–257
This article reviews works of literature on the intervention of Multinational Corporations (MNCs) in the achievement of education-related Millennium Development Goals and Sustainable Development Goals. Drawing from conceptual and empirical papers published from 2000 to 2020, we identify that education is central to achieving development goals. The lack of requisite knowledge of these goals may hamper their implementation. We focused on interventions of MNCs like Microsoft, Oando, Nestle, Lego, ING Bank, Standard Chartered, Price Water Coopers (PWC), and Hess Corporation in promoting educational equality and development in line with MDGs and SDGs. The findings showed that the MNC's intervention in education in their respective areas has led to considerable improvement in infrastructure development, school enrolment, and quality output, among others. The paper submits that improving education has dual benefits for both society and the MNCs; government should engage MNCs to use their intervention to assist in achieving the SDGs. Compared to these corporations' annual revenue and profits, the scope of their intervention is still very small, and the impact is not felt in the global south. There is a need to increase financial commitment to achieve this development goal by 2030.
Alexandar, R., & Poyyamoli, G. (2014). The effectiveness of environmental education for sustainable development based on active teaching and learning at high school level-a case study from Puducherry and Cuddalore regions, India. Journal of Sustainability Education, 7 (2014), 3-20.
Awan, M. S., Malik, N., Sarwar, H., & Waqas, M. (2011). Impact of education on poverty reduction. 1-11 Retrieved from https://mpra.ub.uni-muenchen.d....
Bello, I., & Othman, M. F. (2020). Multinational corporations and sustainable development goals: Examining Etisalat Telecommunication intervention in Nigeria’s basic education. International Journal of Educational Management. 34(1). 96-110.
Bello, I., Othman, M.F., and Shariffuddin, M.D.K.B. (2017) Multinational Corporations and Nigeria’s Educational Development: An International Development Perspectives. International Journal of Management Research and Review7 (6). 637-647.
Carroll, A. B. (2016). Carroll’s pyramid of CSR: taking another look. International journal of corporate social responsibility, 1(1), 3-21.
Celone, A., Cammarano, A., Caputo, M. and Michelino, F. (2021), "Is it possible to improve the international business action towards the sustainable development goals?", critical perspectives on international business, Vol. ahead-of-print No. ahead-of-print.
Christoffersen, J. (2013). A review of antecedents of international strategic alliance performance: Synthesized evidence and new directions for core constructs. International Journal of Management Reviews,15(1),66–85.
Chanda, E., Kamuliwo, M., Steketee, R. W., Macdonald, M. B., Babaniyi, O., &Mukonka, V. M. (2012). An overview of the malaria control programme in Zambia. ISRN preventive medicine, 2013.
Duprez-Naudy, C., & Casas, R., (2014). The Nestlé Healthy Kids in Europe and Nestlé Healthy Kids in Spain with THAO. Retrieved from
Eshete, H., &Sahlul, T. (2017). The progression of HIV/AIDS in Ethiopia. The Ethiopian Journal of Health Development (EJHD), 10(3), 1-14.
Flanagan, P. (2016). The Digital Divide: An Inhibitor to Integral Human Development. Journal of Catholic Social Thought, 13(2), 345-360.
Filser, M., Kraus, S., Roig-Tierno, N., Kailer, N. and Fischer, U. (2019),“Entrepreneurship as catalyst forsustainable development: opening the black box”, Sustainability, 11 (16) available at:
Fuchs, R., Pamuk, E., & Lutz, W. (2010). Education or wealth: which matters more for reducing child mortality in developing countries? Vienna Yearbook of Population Research, 175-199.
Global Partnership for Education. (2015). Education. Retrieved 09/10/2016 http://www.globalpartnership.o....
Greenaway, E. S., Leon, J., & Baker, D. P. (2012). Understanding the association between maternal education and use of health services in Ghana: Exploring the role of health knowledge. Journal of biosocial science, 44(6), 733-747.
Hák, T., Janoušková, S., &Moldan, B. (2016). Sustainable Development Goals: A need for relevant indicators. Ecological Indicators, 60, 565-573.
Haque, I., & Burdescu, R. (2004). Monterrey consensus on financing for development: response sought from international economic law. BC Int'l & Comp. L. Rev., 27, 219.
Helen, C (2012) "Education and International Development" Mar 26, 2012 3/7/2017.
Hidalgo, A., &Albors, J. (2008). Innovation management techniques and tools: a review from theory and practice. R&d Management, 38(2), 113-127.
Hopkins, M. (2012). Corporate social responsibility and international development: is business the solution? Earth scan.
Ingram, G., (2017, April 3). The SDGs need business, business needs the SDGs. Retrieved from
Johnson, D. B., Cheadle, A., Podrabsky, M., Quinn, E., MacDougall, E., Cechovic, K., Kovacs, T., Lane, C., Sitaker, M., Chan, N., & Allen, D. (2013). Advancing nutrition and obesity policy through cross-sector collaboration: the Local Farms–Healthy Kids Initiative in Washington State. Journal of hunger & environmental nutrition, 8(2), 171-186.
Junec, (2017, October 31). SDGs × LEGO: The first step to connect SDGs with me. Retrieved from
King, E., & Winthrop, R. (2015). Today's challenges for girls' education. Brookings Global Working Paper Series.
Kraus, J. R. (2010). The “Business” of State-Building: The Impact of Corporate Social Responsibility on State Development in Equatorial Guinea (Doctoral dissertation, University of Florida).
Krishanani, M. K., Ali, F. A., Khuwaja, A. K., Qidwai, W., & Ali, B. S. (2014). Educational intervention among barbers to improve their knowledge regarding HIV/AIDS: a pilot study from a South Asian country. Journal of health, population, and nutrition, 32(3), 386.
Kulild, V. (2014, November 11). Role of education in ending extreme poverty -Taking a global lead. Retrieved from
Le Blanc, D. (2015). Towards integration at last? The sustainable development goals as a network of targets. Sustainable Development, 23(3), 176-187.
McArthur, J. W. (2014). The origins of the millennium development goals. SAIS Review of International Affairs, 34(2), 5-24.
Mohiledin, M. & Klimenko, S. (Febuary, 6 2017) The Private Sector and the SDGs. Retrieved 19 March 2017 https://www.project-syndicate.....
Nalband, N. A., &Kelabi, S. A. (2014). Redesigning Carroll’s CSR pyramid model. Journal of Advanced Management Science, 2(3). 236-239.
Powell, D. (2014). Childhood obesity, corporate philanthropy and the creeping privatisation of health education. Critical Public Health, 24(2), 226-238.
Rama, D., Milano, B. J., Salas, S., & Liu, C. H. (2009). CSR implementation: Developing the capacity for collective action. Journal of Business Ethics, 85, 463-477.
Rampersad, R., & Skinner, C. (2014). Examining the practice of Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) in Sub-Saharan Africa. Corporate Ownership & Control12(1) 731-740.
Sekine, K., & Hodgkin, M. E. (2017). Effect of child marriage on girls' school dropout in Nepal: Analysis of data from the Multiple Indicator Cluster Survey 2014. PloS one, 12(7), e0180176. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0180176.
Türkkahraman, M. (2012). The role of education in the societal development. Journal of Educational and Instructional Studies in the World, 2(4) 38-41.
United Nations Global Compact (2013). The Smartest Investment: The Framework for Business Engagement in Education. UN Global Compact Office https://www.unglobalcompact.or....
Uvalic-Trumbic, S., & Daniel, J. (2016). Sustainable Development Begins with Education. Journal of Learning for Development, 3(3), 3-8.
van Fleet, J. W. and Steer, L. (2017, May 25). Want a Better, Safer World? Build a Finance Facility for Education. Sandford Social Innovation Review. Retrieved from
van Fleet, J. W., &Zinny, G. S.(2012). Corporate social investments in education in Latin America & the Caribbean: Mapping the magnitude of Multilatinas’ private dollars for public good. Washington, DC: Brookings Institution.
Veneman, A. M. (2007). Education is key to reducing child mortality: the link between maternal health and education. UN Chronicle, 44(4), 58-59.