The family support system in Lithuania: Experts’ views and citizens’ evaluation
More details
Hide details
Lithuanian Social Research Centre
Publication date: 2020-05-11
Corresponding author
Jolanta Aidukaite   

Jolanta Aidukaite, A. Goštauto 9, LT-01108 Vilnius, Lithuania; author’s email address:
Kristina Senkuviene   

Kristina Senkuviene, A. Goštauto 9, LT-01108 Vilnius, Lithuania; author’s email address:
Problemy Polityki Społecznej 2019;47:29-46
This study seeks to contribute to a better understanding of the challenges that the contemporary public family support system experience in Lithuania. It draws conclusions based on 10 expert interviews conducted with social policy makers and researchers as well as a national-wide survey conducted in December 2018. The findings show that in Lithuania, policies which address gender equality such as parental leave policies are highly appreciated and needed by the population. However, they have to be backed up by care services and other flexible work arrangements in order to make them sustainable in the future. In Lithuania, the emphasis on means-testing in family support system does not prove to be a sustainable strategy. Despite the long-lasting tradition in supporting families according to the proven need, the respondents view them as the least adequate support provided by the state.
This article is funded by the Research Council of Lithuania, project No. S-MIP-17-130.
Aidukaitė, J. (2016) . Support to families with children in the Baltic States: pathways of expansion and retrenchment from 2004 till 2016. Paper presented at the workshop “Baltic states after the crisis? The transformation of welfare systems and social problems”, 25–26 December 2016. Vilnius University.
Aidukaite, J. (2006). The Formation of Social Insurance Institutions of the Baltic States in the Post-socialist era. Journal of European Social Policy, 16(3): 259–270.
Aidukaite, J. (2004). The Emergence of the Post-Socialist Welfare State—The Case of the Baltic States: Lithuania, Latvia and Estonia. Stockholm: Södertörn University College.
Bučaitė-Vilkė, J., Purvaneckienė, G., Vaitkevičius, R., Tereškinas, A. (2012). Lyčių politika ir gimstamumo ateitis. Kaunas: VDU.
Eurostat (2019). Eurostat database. Downloaded from: [last accessed: 01.11.2019].
Gvaldaitė, L., Kirilova, A. (2014). Subsidiarumo apraiškos ir perspektyvos šeimos politikoje Lietuvoje. Tiltai, 1: 249–273.
Ferrarini, T. (2006). Families, states and labour markets institutions, causes and consequences of family policy in Post-war welfare states. USA: Edward Elgar.
Jančaitytė, R. (2006). Palankios šeimai politikos įgyvendinimas Lietuvoje: problemos ir galimybės. Socialinis darbas, 5(1): 30–37.
Javornik, J. (2014). Measuring State de-familialism: Contesting post-socialist exceptionalism. Journal of European Social Policy, 24(3): 240–257.
Javornik, J. and Kurowska, A. (2017). Work and Care Opportunities under Different Parental Leave Systems: Gender and Class Inequalities in Northern Europe. Social Policy Administration, 51(4): 617–637.
Kavoliūnaitė-Ragauskienė, E. (2012). Viešosios šeimos politikos kūrimo ir įgyvendinimo problemos Lietuvoje. Vilnius: Teisės institutas.
Korpi, W. (2000). Faces of Inequality: Gender, Class, and Patterns of Inequalities in Different Types of Welfare States. Social Politics International Studies in Gender, State and Society, 7(2): 127–192.
Maslauskaitė, A. (2004). Lytis, globa ir kultūriniai gerovės kapitalizmo barjerai Lietuvoje. Sociologija. Mintis ir veiksmas, 14(3): 39–51.
Meuser, M., Nagel, U. (2009). The Expert Interview and Changes in Knowledge Production. in: A. Bogner, B. Littig, W. Menz (eds), Interviewing Experts. London: Palgrave Macmillan.
Ministry of Social Security and Labour (MSSL). (2019). Socialinė parama šeimoms ir vaikams. Downloaded from: [last accessed: 01.11.2019].
Ministry of Social Security and Labour (MSSL). (2020). Socialinė parama šeimoms ir vaikams. Downloaded from: [last accessed: 11.03.2020].
OECD. (2019). OECD family data base. Downloaded from: family/database.htm [last accessed: 11.03.2020].
Pascall, G., Manning, N. (2000). Gender and Social Policy: Comparing Welfare States in Central and Eastern Europe and the Former Soviet Union. Journal of European Social Policy, 10(3): 240–266.
Reingardienė, J. (2004). Europos lyčių lygybės strategija: kintančios lyčių politikos privalumai ir grėsmės. Sociologija. Mintis ir veiksmas, 14(3): 13–27.
Reingardė, J., Tereškinas, A. (2006). Darbo ir šeimos gyvenimo suderinimas Lietuvoje bei lyčių lygybė: iššūkiai ir galimybės. in: Reingardė J. (ed), (Ne)apmokamas darbas: šeimai palanki aplinka ir lyčių lygybė Europoje. Vilnius.
Sainsbury, D. (1996). Gender Equality and Welfare States. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Saraceno, Ch. (2013). Family policies. in: B. Greve (ed), The Routledge handbook of the welfare state. London and New York: Routledge Taylor & Francis Group.
SODRA (2019). Pensijos ir išmokos. Downloaded from: [last accessed: 12.10.2019].
Stankuniene, V. (2001). Family Policy of Lithuania: A Changing Strategy. Paper presented at the European Population Conference 2001, Helsinki, Finland, 7–9 June 2001.
Statistics Lithuania (2019). Statistical data. Downloaded from: [last accessed: 12.10.2019].
Stankūnienė, V., Maslauskaitė, A., Baublytė, M. (2013). Ar Lietuvos šeimos bus gausesnės? Vilnius: Lithuanian Social Research Centre.
Szelewa, D. (2017). From Explicit to Implicit Familialism: Post-1989 Family Policy Reforms in Poland. in: D. Auth, J. Hergenhan, B. Holland-Cunz (eds), Gender and Family in European Economic Policy. Cham, Switzerland: Palgrave MacMillan/Springer Nature.
Šarlauskas, T., Telešienė, A. (2014). The regulation of state social insurance: structure and choices of beneficiaries. Public policy and administration, 13(1): 95–108.
Wennemo, I. (1994). Sharing the Cost of Children: Study on the Development of Family Support in the OECD Countries. Doctoral Dissertation Series, No. 25. Swedish Institute for Social Research, Stockholm University, Stockholm.
Wendt, C., Mischke, M., Pfeifer, M. (2011). Welfare States and Public Opinion: Perceptions of Healthcare Systems, Family Policy and Benefits for the Unemployed and Poor in Europe. Cheltenham, UK: Edward Elgar Publishing.
Žalimienė, L. (2015). Šeimos paramos politika Lietuvoje: ar galime identifikuoti paradigminius pokyčius 1996–2013 metų laikotarpiu? Tiltai, 1: 39–61.
Journals System - logo
Scroll to top