The reception and integration of refugees from Ukraine in Poland, Czechia, Slovakia and Hungary – the New Immigration Destinations of Central Europe
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Cracow University of Economics, Center for Advanced Studies of Population and Religion, Polska
London School of Economics, Department of Social Policy, United Kingdom
Submission date: 2022-12-24
Final revision date: 2023-04-02
Acceptance date: 2023-04-03
Online publication date: 2023-05-15
Publication date: 2023-05-15
Corresponding author
Konrad Pędziwiatr   

Cracow University of Economics, Center for Advanced Studies of Population and Religion, ul. Rakowicka, 27, 31-510, Kraków, Poland, Polska
Problemy Polityki Społecznej 2022;59(4):345-377
The aim of this article is to assess the policy response deployed by the Visegrad Group countries (Poland, Czechia, Hungary, Slovakia) during the humanitarian crisis of displacement following the beginning of brutal Russian full-scale invasion of Ukraine, in the light of the theoretical framework of New Immigration Destinations (NID). Such a framework is introduced and assessed as relevant to explain how the scant previous experience of public institutions and the wider society in addressing the needs of forced migrants, and migrants’ presence in general, impacts reception and integration of refugees in the region. The paper explores the relevance of NID in analysis of forced migrants’ situation in Central Europe. The study is based on qualitative methods, including desk research, expert interviews in four analysed countries, and legislation analysis. The paper argues that in the wake of the humanitarian crisis on an unprecedented scale, the lack of experience, coupled with scarce infrastructure, insufficient legal framework and resourcing, and poor coordination of different stakeholder groups’ engagement, impeded and delayed the implementation of the newly-established policy tools, and in some cases led to the lack of an adequate and timely state-coordinated response.
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