Migration processes and determinants: the case of the Slovak Republic
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Department of Economics, University of Economics in Bratislava, Slovak Republic
Faculty of Social and Economic Relations, Alexander Dubček University of Trenčín, Trenčín, Slovak Republic
Department of Economics and Finance, Russian-Armenian (Slavonic) University, Yerevan, Armenia
Faculty of Management and Economics, Tomas Bata University in Zlin, Zlín, Czech Republic, Czech Republic
Submission date: 2022-10-22
Final revision date: 2022-12-20
Acceptance date: 2022-12-28
Online publication date: 2023-03-28
Publication date: 2023-03-28
Corresponding author
Magdaléna Přívarová   

Department of Economics, University of Economics in Bratislava, Dolnozemská cesta 1, 85235, Bratislava, Slovak Republic
Problemy Polityki Społecznej 2022;59(4):305-322
While the Slovak Republic is not one of the traditional immigration destinations, in recent years, the situation has changed. The current paper aims to analyse the migration processes in the Slovak Republic and identify the determinants for immigration. The results show that during the last three decades, the accession to the European Union and Schengen area affected the migration patterns in Slovakia the most. One of the crucial determinants causing labour migration to the country is the domestic labour demand and labour shortage due to emigration flows. While the COVID-19 pandemic didn't significantly influence the migration processes in the country, the restrictive measures are affecting the employment of foreigners. On the other hand, the Russian-Ukrainian conflict has caused unprecedented immigration flows to the country. The latter calls for a modernisation of immigration and integration policies that will lead to a more efficient labour market and sustainable economic growth in the Slovak Republic. Creating an Immigration and Naturalization Office aiming to bring together all migration processing and provision of related services is a necessary step forward in migration policy management. This article focuses on the migration developments shaping the migration policy in Slovakia in the near future and provides policy recommendations.
This research was funded by VEGA research project no. 1/0037/20 “New challenges and solutions for employment growth in changing socio-economic conditions”.
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