Barriers to the involvement of NGOs working for the benefit of the homeless in the housing policy process
More details
Hide details
Department of Methodology of Political Science, Faculty of Political Science and International Studies, University of Warsaw
Submission date: 2020-03-08
Acceptance date: 2020-08-20
Publication date: 2020-12-14
Problemy Polityki Społecznej 2020;50:97–113
This article analyses the barriers experienced by representatives of non-governmental organisations in the process of deliberations on the subject of homelessness. In this paper, I investigate two deliberation forums, one in Brussels (La Strada) and the other in Warsaw (the Social Dialogue Committee on Homelessness, or SDCH). The article argues that the development of housing policy measures aimed at reducing homelessness is hindered by barriers impeding social actors who work for the benefit of the homeless from participating in the process of creating and implementing housing policy. As reported in the article, three types of barriers were found to be at work in both deliberative forums: (i) financial barriers, (ii) formal and legal barriers, and (iii) ‘relational’ barriers. The analysis shows that the barriers identified in Brussels may be related to the limitations of the corporatist model of social dialogue in the field of homelessness. The barriers observed in Warsaw may be associated with the lack of established traditions of deliberative practices and with certain features of Polish culture.
The author would like to thank Michael Ryckewaert and Nele Aernouts for their input on this research.
This work was supported by the National Science Centre, Poland under grant number 2016/23/D/HS4/00527 and by the Brussels Centre for Urban Studies (fellowship grant).
Arrêté ministériel du 20 avril 2009 portant création de la Concertation bruxelloise de l'Aide aux Sans-abri.
Anckar, C. (2007). On the Applicability of the Most Similar Systems Design and the Most Different Systems Design in Comparative Research. International Journal of Social Research Methodology, 11(5), 389–401.
Angel, S. (2000). Housing Policy Matters: A Global Analysis. Oxford University Press.
Audycka-Zandberg, B. (2014). Warunki i Strategie Mobilizacji Najemców Lokali Mieszkalnych w Stowarzyszeniach Lokatorskich. Wydawnictwa Uniwersytetu Warszawskiego.
Bartkowski, J. (2011). Tradycje partycypacji w Polsce. In A. Olech (ed.), Partycypacja publiczna. O uczestnictwie obywateli w życiu wspólnoty lokalnej. (26–44). Fundacja Instytut Spraw Publicznych.
Birkland, T. A. (2011). An Introduction to the Policy Process: Theories, Concepts and Models of Public Policy Making. Routledge.
Bua, A. & Escobar, O. (2018). Participatory-deliberative processes and public policy agendas: lessons for policy and practice. Policy Design and Practice, 1(2), 126–140.
Burrows, R., Pleace, N. & Quilgars. D. (eds) (1997). Homelessness and social policy. Routledge.
Cohen, J. (1997). Deliberation and Democratic Legitimacy. In: J. Bohman, W. Rehg (eds.), Deliberative Democracy: Essays on Reason and Politics. (67-91). The MIT Press.
Cole, I. (2005). Hidden from history? Housing studies, the perpetual present and the case of social housing in Britain. Housing Studies, 21(2), 283–295.
Degryse, Ch. (2013). Mouvement social : l’”ancien” et le “nouveau” ?
Delasi, H. (1980). Le mouvement ouvrier et la question urbaine à Bruxelles (1968–1978). International Review of Community Development, 4, 63–72.
Doberstein, C. (2016). Designing collaborative governance decision-making in search of a ‘collaborative advantage’. Public Management Review, 18(6), 819–841.
Doling, J. (1997). Comparative housing policy. Government and Housing in Advanced Industrialized Countries. Macmillan Press LTD.
Durant, J. (2019). Nouveau dénombrement des sans-abri à Bruxelles: des chiffres qui dérangent ?
Elias, N. (1987). The retreat of sociologists into the present. Theory, Culture and Society, 4(2–3), 223–247.
Esping-Andersen, G. (2007). Les trois mondes de l’Etat-providence. Essai sur le capitalisme modern. Presses Universitaires de France.
Faniel, J. & Paternotte, D. (2015). Mouvements sociaux: un modèle belge? Espace de libertés, 440, 6–9.
Flanagan, K. & Jacobs, K. (2019). ‘The long view’: Introduction for Special Edition of Housing Studies. Housing Studies, 34(2), 195–200.
Francq, B. (2007). En Belgique : Un modèle de concertation, entre exemplarité et impuissance. In P. Pichon, B. Francq, Sh. Roy, M.-H. Soulet, J.-M. Firdion & M. Marpsat (eds), Comparer l’incomparable ? Les personnes à la rue: Belgique, France, Québec. (98–108). CRESAL-UMR 5043.
Gerston, L. N. (2010). Public Policy Making: Process and Principles. Routledge.
Huyse, L. (1984). Pillarization reconsidered. Acta Politica, 19, 145–158.
Inglot, T. (2010). Welfare States w Europie Środkowo-Wschodniej w latach 1919–2004. Wydawnictwo WSP TWP.
Jacobs, K. & Manzi, T. (2013). New localism, old retrenchment: the Big Society, housing policy and the politics of housing reform. Housing, Theory and Society, 30(1), 29–45.
Jacobs, K. & Manzi, T. (2017). ‘The party’s over’: critical junctures, crises and the politics of housing policy. Housing Studies, 32(1), 17–34.
Kleinman, M., Matznetter, W. & Stephens, M. (1998). European integration and housing policy. Routledge.
Kostka, J. & Czarnota, K. (2017). Modes of knowledge production in the study of radical urban movements. Interface, 9(1), 368–388.
Lee, D., McGuire, M. & Kim, J. H. (2018). Collaboration, strategic plans, and government performance: the case of efforts to reduce homelessness. Public Management Review, 20(3), 360–376.
Moeys, H. (2019). Social Policy by Other Means from a Comparative Historical Perspective Continuity and Change in Nineteenth-Century Belgium (1800‒1920). Journal of Comparative Policy Analysis, 21(3), 235–250.
Mondelaers, N. (2017). Dénombrement des personnes sans abri et mal logées en Région de Bruxelles-Capitale. La Strada.
Olech, A. (2013). Kiedy mieszkańcy uczestniczą w podejmowaniu decyzji. In A. Olech (ed.), Przepis na uczestnictwo. Diagnoza partycypacji publicznej w Polsce. (109–122). Instytut Spraw Publicznych.
Opolski, K., Modzelewski, P., Kocia, A., Zapadka, P., Roszewska, K. & Sochocki, J. (2017). System profilaktyki bezdomności i pomocy osobom bezdomnym w Warszawie.
Otner, S. (2010). Most Different Systems Design. In A. J. Mills, G. Durepos, E. Wiebe (eds), Encyclopedia of Case Study Research. (570–572). SAGE Publications.
Polanska, D. & Piotrowski, G. (2015). The transformative power of cooperation between social movements: Squatting and tenants’ movements in Poland. City, 19(2–3), 274–296.
Przeworski, A. & Teune, H. (1970). The logic of comparative social inquiry. Wiley-Interscience.
Reisigl, M. (2011). Analiza retoryki politycznej. In R. Wodak, M. Krzyżanowski (eds), Jakościowa analiza dyskursu w naukach społecznych. (151–183). Oficyna Wydawnicza Łośgraf.
Ryckmans, P. (2019). Le moment est venu d’avoir une politique de fin du sans-abrisme sur Bruxelles.
Sprawozdanie z realizacji działań na rzecz ludzi bezdomnych (2017). Sprawozdanie z realizacji działań na rzecz ludzi bezdomnych w województwach w roku 2016 oraz wyniki Ogólnopolskiego badania liczby osób bezdomnych (8/9 luty 2017). Materiał informacyjny. Ministerstwo Rodziny, Pracy i Polityki Społecznej, Departament Pomocy i Integracji Społecznej. (accessed May 2018).
Sroka, J. (2009). Deliberacja i rządzenie wielopasmowe. Teoria i praktyka. Wydawnictwo Uniwersytetu Wrocławskiego.
Szmatka, J. (1998). Inquiry: actor. In A. Kojder, K. Koseła, W. Kwaśniewicz, H. Kubiak, J. Mucha, J. Szacki & M. Ziółkowski (eds), Encyklopedia socjologii. (15–17). Oficyna Naukowa.
Thurber, A. (2017). Housing a homeless shelter: A case study of community deliberation. Reflections: Narratives of Professional Helping, 22(2), 28–38.
Torgersen, U. (1987). Housing: the Wobbly Pillar under the Welfare State. Scandinavian Housing and Planning Research, 4(1), 116–126.
Tripoteau, L. (2018). SamuSocial scandal still impacting Brussels political life.
Vargas-Tetmajer, A. (2016). Urban movements in Poland — a short presentation. Urban Research & Practice, 9(3), 311–321.
Verstraete, J., Pannecoucke, I., Meeus, B., & De Decker, P. (2018). Leaving an Institution in Flanders (Belgium): A Road to Homelessness? Journal of Social Service Research, 44(5), 665–683.
Wesołowska, E. (2013). Potencjały i bariery urzeczywistniania deliberacji w polskich warunkach kulturowych. Kultura i Społeczeństwo, 57(2), 91–109.
Wetzstein, S. (2019). Comparative housing, urban crisis and political economy: an ethnographically based ‘long view’ from Auckland, Singapore and Berlin. Housing Studies, 34(2), 272–297.
Wojciechowski, K. (2018). Bezdomnym będzie jeszcze trudniej o schronienie. Zmiany w przepisach.
Zybała, A. (2016). Polski umysł na rozdrożu. Wokół kultury umysłowej w Polsce. Oficyna Wydawnicza SGH.