A social deficit. Poland in the face of developmental challenges in the 2010s
More details
Hide details
Institute of Social Policy University of Warsaw
Włodzimierz Anioł   

Publication date: 2020-05-27
Problemy Polityki Społecznej 2015;31:39–57
The aim of this article is to answer the question of what fundamental modernization and developmental challenges Poland currently faces. The author argues that the developmental model that has been in place in Poland for the last 25 years — and generally worked quite well, which is evidenced by many major achievements and several economic and social indices — is just exhausting its potential. Simultaneously, we are observing intensification and aggravation of several problems — either as yet unresolved or new ones — which jointly constitute something we may call a social deficit. The main message of the paper can be summarized in a nutshell as a thesis that under current situation and circumstances, it becomes necessary to proceed to new generation of competitiveness, launch different developmental leverages, which — speaking in most general terms — are to be found mainly in the social realm. The article consists of three parts. The first one is dedicated to the characteristics of strengths and weaknesses of Polish modernization after 1989 against the background of the situation in other CEE countries. The second one defines five key developmental challenges currently faced by Poland. The third part predominantly features the fundamental difference between the previous, post-transformational developmental policy and the new, proinnovative modernization strategy, which places social policy in the very centre of its focus.
Anioł W. (2004), The Europeanisation of Polish Social Policy, “The Polish Foreign Affairs Digest”, Vol. 4, no. 2, pp. 117–148.
Anioł W. (2014), Poles in the Norwegian Labour Market: Benefits and Challenges, in: M. Mrozińska-Kruk (ed.), Polish Community in Norway — Opportunities and Challenges. Conference Materials, Oslo, 20 November 2014, Ministry of Foreign Affairs.
Anioł W. (2015a), On Three Modernization Narratives in Poland after 1989, “International Journal of Social Economics”, Vol. 42, no. 9, 777–790.
Anioł W. (2015b), Pułapka ekonomizmu. U źródeł dominacji neoliberalnej narracji modernizacyjnej w Polsce, „Przegląd Socjologiczny”, Vol. LXIV, no. 2, pp. 69–88.
Anioł W. et al. (1997), Poland: Returning to Europe, in: P. Katzenstein (ed.), Mitteleuropa: between Europe and Germany, Providence-Oxford: Berghahn Books.
Banfield E.C. (1958), The Moral Basis of a Backward Society, Glencoe, Il: The Free Press.
Bednarski M., Frieske K.W. (2012), Zatrudnienie na czas określony w polskiej gospodarce. Społeczne i ekonomiczne konsekwencje zjawiska, Warszawa: IPiSS.
Czapiński J. (2009), Kapitał społeczny, w: J. Czapiński, T. Panek (eds.), Diagnoza społeczna 2009, Warszawa: Rada Monitoringu Społecznego.
Duszczyk M., Matuszczyk K. (2014), Migrations in the 21st Century from the Perspective of CEE Countries — An Opportunity or a Threat?, Warsaw: CEED Institute.
European Commission (2014), Innovation Union Scoreboard, 2014, Brussels.
Geodecki T. et al. (2012), Kurs na innowacje. Jak wyprowadzić Polskę z rozwojowego dryfu, Kraków: FGiAP.
Im, F.G. and Rosenblatt, D. (2013), Middle-Income Traps: A Conceptual and Empirical Survey, „Policy Research Working Paper”, No. WPS 6594, Washington, DC, World Bank.
Kleiber M. et al. (eds.) (2011), “Poland 2050” Report, Warsaw: Polish Academy of Sciences.
Księżopolski M. (2013), Wspólnie czy osobno? Rozważania o polityce społecznej, Warszawa: Elipsa.
Leś E. (2013), Organizacje non profit w nowej polityce społecznej w Polsce na tle europejskim, Warszawa: ASPRA-JR.
Ministerstwo Spraw Zagranicznych (2014), Polskie 10 lat w Unii. Raport, Warszawa.
Morawski W. (2010), Wprowadzenie, w: W. Morawski (red.), Modernizacja Polski. Struktury — agencje — instytucje, Warszawa: Wydawnictwo Akademickie i Profesjonalne.
Żołędowski C. et al. (red.) (2015), Dekada członkostwa w Unii Europejskiej. Perspektywa polityki społecznej, Warszawa: Elipsa.