Multiplied insecurity. The Japanese classical musicians on the Polish and French labor market
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Institute of the Middle and Far East, Faculty of International and Political Studies, Jagiellonian University [Instytut Bliskiego i Dalekiego Wschodu, Wydział Studiów Międzynarodowych i Politycznych, Uniwersytet Jagielloński]
Beata Kowalczyk   

Institute of the Middle and Far East, Faculty of International and Political Studies, Jagiellonian University, Gronostajowa 3, 30-387 Krakow; author’s email address: beata.1.kowalczyk@ uj.edu.pl
Publication date: 2020-05-19
Problemy Polityki Społecznej 2018;43:85–105
The purpose of this article is to analyze the dynamics of trajectories of Japanese classical musicians residing in Europe — in Poland and France — who, by their professional qualifications, fall into a category of highly skilled professionals, yet at the same time experience their situation of migration similarly to economic migrants, or middling migration (Scott, 2006; Boyle, 2006). Among many factors shaping the European careers of Japanese migrant musicians, I will pay particular attention to the following combination of three elements: (1) structural and legal regulations that shape artistic labor market in general and the situation of migrant artists in particular, (2) the role of social and (3) cultural capital. The intersectional analysis of the professional situation of migrantartists attempts to demonstrate how these musicians by their profession on the one hand and ethnic origins on the other are trapped into multiplied insecurity. This study rests on the material collected upon qualitative methods of individual, in-depth, semistructured interviews conducted among 50 Japanese classical musicians in their mother tongue, as well as quantitative data (statistics of musical competitions, orchestras, music academies, etc.).
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